Customs / Traditions / Sunnah

بدست • 6 سپتامبر 2013 • دسته: Articles

Sunna(h) means customs, traditions, and ways of living. “Sunnaht Allah” is mentioned eight times in Quran as ways and means that God wills. For example in (48, Victory – 23) He says,” (this is) God’s way which has been going on from before, and you will never find any change in God’s way.” Also, see (33, The Confederate -38 and 62), (35, The Originator of Creation – 43), (40, The Believer – 85), and (48, Victory – 23). Quran speaks 13 times of “Sunna” tradition and 2 times of “Sunnan” traditions which is the plural of “Sunna” tradition. There is nothing said about the traditions of the Messenger (pbuh) in Quran while 12 times it orders to obey the Messenger (pbuh.)  In (8, The Spoils of War – 46) says, ” And obey God and His messenger, and do not dispute, otherwise you become weak and your power disappears. And be patient (and persevere), God is with the patient ones (and those who persevere).” It is sad that Moslems did not follow this order and as the result they gave away their power and greatness that they had achieved due to their unity and became inferior to the Non-Moslems. Allah in (4, The Women – 59) says,” You who believe, obey God and obey the messenger and those of you who are in charge of affairs (the authorities), but if you dispute about anything (with authorities), then refer  it to God and the messenger (see what God and the messenger have said) if you believe in God and the Last Day.” The is about the differences with those in charge i.e. authorities, because if it meant differences with each other then they should go to a judge whose responsibility is to take care of such differences but we see in the 2nd part of the Verse that in order to solve such differences it is not ordered to refer to the those in charge but says, “refer to Allah and the Messenger, (pbuh) and not to those in charge”. This is differences with those in charge, when they order anything that is against what Allah has ordered in Quran then one should not follow and obey. As Dr. Beheshti in his book, ”God in Quran” says,” One who gets the order has to evaluate the order, if it is against justice and law (Quran) then he should refrain from doing it.”  Referring to the middle of the book (paraphrasing) Dr. Beheshti’s opinion is that obedience without any questions is only permissible for Allah’s commandment and no one else, and nobody deserves it but God. Because if the order from those in charge is in contradiction to God’s order then obeying it is to disregard God’s order and a true Moslem does not do anything to contradict God’s order or make any suggestions different from His instructions. Yes, a true Moslem is like this. In (4, The Women – 60) right after the Verse in question God says,” Did you not see those who claimed that they believe in what was sent down to you (Quran) and what was sent down before you (the Torah and the Gospels and other Holy Scriptures), but they wanted to be judged by the rebellious one while they had been instructed to reject it.”  The “Taaghout” means the Rebellious,  the one who rebels against God and issues orders contrary to  God’s instructions and what is in the Holy book, and wants everybody to obey his orders. God in (2, The Heifer – 256) says,”whoever disbelieves in the rebellious (those who rebel and issue orders against God commandments) and believes in God has indeed grabbed on to a strong handle that never breaks.   ” . In (16, Bees – 36) God says,”We have raised (appointed) for every group of people a messenger (saying): serve (worship) God and avoid (serving) the rebellious ones” and in (39, The Crowds – 17) says,”And for those who avoid serving (worshiping) the rebellious and turn to God is good news.” Obeying is being a servant. It means obeying only another one’s order and seeing one’s self inferior to him/her. Servant is one who has no choice and power against his/her master and will follow any order from his/her master/owner. A Moslem is a servant who is submitted only to God’s instructions and orders. Because in (7, The Heights – 3) God says,”Follow what has been sent down to you from your Lord and do not follow any authority (or superior) other than Him (or Quran).” So a true Moslem is only obedient to the orders and instructions of Allah and does not follow any protectors other than Him/Quran. But it is sad that according to (79, Nazi’at – 24 and 9, Repentance – 31) the powers and religious author and monks treated the people as slaves and became their lord. And due to lack knowledge of real religion and the meaning of monotheism people became their servants and not God. In (4, The Women – 69) God says,” Those who obey God and the messenger will be among those whom God favors, the prophets, the sincere (truthful ones), the witnesses (or the martyrs), and the righteous.” Because the God’s Messenger (pbuh) was obedient of God’s orders and instructions and would not do anything contrary to Quran and would not speak contrary to it, and he had full knowledge of Quran, as the Prophet (pbuh) in (27, The Ants – 91 and 92) says,”I am commanded to be of the submitted ones, and that I read the Quran.” therefore the Prophet (pbuh) was obedient to God’s commands and recited Quran and was knowledgeable about it and would not  do anything to contradict it and would not say anything  contrary to it, also see (6, The Cattle – 14 and 2 The Heifer – 72 and 40, The Believer – 66 and 3 Al’ Imran – 20 and 39, The Crowds – 12).  In (6, The Cattle – 162 to 164) God says to Prophet (pbuh),”Say: my mandatory prayers, my devotion (and worship), my life, and my death are only for God, the Lord of the people of the world (humanity), He has no partner. I am commanded to this, and I am the first of (or the best of) the submitted ones. Say: shall I look for another Lord other than God, when He is the Lord of everything?” In (6, The Cattle – 106) God commands to the Prophet (pbuh) to,”Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord. There is no god except Him. And stay away from polytheists.” Also, see (10, Yunus – 109 and 33, The Confederates – 2.) The Prophet (pbuh) was a Moslem and was totally submitted to the God’s commands and instructions and according to this command followed the Quran that God had revealed to him and was not obedient to anybody else and would not say anything contrary to Quran and would not do anything contrary to Quran. In (7, The Heights – 203) God commands the Prophet (pbuh),” Say: I only follow what is revealed to me from my Lord.”. Also see (6, The Cattle – 50). In (45, Bowing the Knee – 18) says to the Prophet (pbuh),” do not follow the desires of those who do not know.” And in (6, Cattle – 150) says,” do not follow the desires of those who denied Our signs and did not believe in the hereafter and made equals with their Lord.”  And in (5, The Table Spread – 49) says,”You should judge between them by what God has sent down and do not follow their desires and beware of them that they do not tempt you away from what God has sent down to you.” In Hadith number 10, page 78 volume 18 of “Essentials for Shia’ts” the Prophet (pbuh) says,” Keep whatever is in accord with Allah’s book (Quran) and leave whatever is in contradiction with it.” And in Hadith number 15, Page 79 of that says,” O’ people whatever they told you from me that is in accord with Allah’s book, then I have said it and whatever is in contradiction with Allah’s book, then I have not said it.”

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